Washington, June 10: Smoking was the only known risk factor previously associated with both emphysema and lung cancer, but now a new study has uncovered the genetic link between both the diseases.
Washington, June 10: Scientists have developed a promising new strategy for treating human type 2 diabetes, which affects more than 200 million people worldwide.
In a mouse study, scientists at Mayo Clinic Florida showed that a different approach could also be effective for treating diabetes — namely, blocking the breakdown of insulin, after it is secreted from the pancreas.
London, June 10: Researchers have suggested in the Lancet that there is high possibility of developing 20 new or improved vaccines in the next decade.
Although they have identified AIDS and malaria vaccines as the most important areas for the research, they also felt that neglected tropical diseases, such as leprosy, should also be investigated.
Washington, June 10: Scientists have found that a nutrient present in broccoli, cauliflower and other cruciferous vegetables can selectively target and kill cancer cells while leaving normal prostate cells healthy and unaffected.
Washington, June 10: Scientists at Lund University in Sweden have developed a new technique that converts mature cells from human skin directly into brain cells, without passing through the stem cell stage.
With the direct conversion technique, the Swedish research group has for the first time succeeded in creating specific types of nerve cells from human skin.
Tokyo, June 10: Japanese green tea, which is widely known across the world for its purity and health-enhancing properties, has reportedly been contaminated with radiation following the accident in the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant caused by the March 11 earthquake-cum-tsunami.
London, June 10: Scientists from the Nottingham University are on the way to making a drug that may put an end to all the miseries caused by feline allergies, ranging from a fit of sneezes to a dangerous asthma attack.
London, June 10: A new study has found that donning killer heels and ill-fitting footwear could end up giving you arthritis.
According to experts, a staggering 60 per cent of arthritis affects the feet and is often caused by wearing badly fitting shoes such as stilettos.
London, May 27 : Don't stress yourself too much, else an increased release of stress hormones could trigger Alzheimer's disease, to go by new research based on mice. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Germany, have discovered that increased release of stress hormones in rats leads to production of excess tau protein in the brain and ultimately, memory loss.
Washington, May 24 : A new study has dismissed previous claims that caffeine in the fruity alcoholic beverage, Four Loko, is responsible for the spike in alcohol-related hospitalizations.
"Four Loko didn't have the extraordinary intoxicating effect because of caffeine, but rather because of the phenomenon of situational specificity of tolerance", said Shepard Siegel of McMaster University.
Washington, Apr 12: A new research suggests that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could help detect Alzheimer''s disease (AD) at an early stage, before irreversible damage has occurred.
With no known treatment to alter its course, AD exacts an enormous toll on society. The Alzheimer''s Association estimates that 5.4 million Americans are living with the disease today.
Washington, Mar 12: Scientists have identified a potential therapeutic target to slow changes that lead to neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson''s and Alzheimer''s diseases.
Cell biologists pondering the death of neurons - brain cells - said that by eliminating one ingredient from the cellular machinery, they prolonged the life of neurons stressed by a pesticide chemical.
Santiago de Cuba, March 1 : A Cuban medication for diabetic feet ulcers is fast becoming popular in a number of countries and has been used to treat more than 22,000 patients worldwide, according to a senior official.
London, Jan 27 - Scientists have identified a key chemical that boosts memory, potentially opening the way to newer treatments for Alzheimer's.
In a series of experiments, Mount Sinai School of Medicine researchers in the US showed that IGF-II plays a key role in memory.
The chemical is found in relatively high levels in the hippocampus, the brain's memory hub. However, levels decline with age, the journal Nature reports.
New Delhi, Jan 1 - Stem cell transplant in India costs a fraction of what it does abroad but the country has very few centres where the procedure can be done and not enough dedicated medical staff, says an expert.
London, Jan 1- Female students in China have been eating roundworm eggs to lose weight for job interviews - because employment is so hard to come by, a media report said.
They hatch in the stomach, allowing those who take them to shed pounds without exercising or dieting in Xiamen, China.
But swallowing the worms is extremely dangerous - and definitely not to be recommended for those wanting to shed the pounds in the New Year, reports Daily Mail.
With jobs shortages across the country, women in China are under pressure to appear thin if they are to have any chance of landing a role.
Taipei, Dec 28 - An 83-year old man in Taiwan has admitted murdering his wife with a screwdriver in what he claims was a "mercy killing" in the light of her Parkinson's disease.
Wang Ching-hsi, a retired engineer, killed his wife Sun Yuan-ping, 80, who suffered from Parkinson's' disease, at their Taipei home Sunday.
Wang gave her sleeping pills then used a hammer to knock the screwdriver in her skull. Wang then turned himself in to police, claiming he performed euthanasia to end her suffering.
Hong Kong, Dec 28 - For decades doctors and pregnant women have relied on amniocentesis - taking a sample of DNA from the amniotic fluid - to diagnose certain disorders in unborn babies, despite the risk of triggering a miscarriage.
Shanghai, Dec 26 (IANS) China will set up an egg bank for women suffering from cancer to store their ovum in freezer so they can have babies before undergoing chemotherapy or a surgery, which could damage their reproductive ability.
The authority has plans to set up the bank in three years, China Daily reported, quoting the Shanghai Morning Post.
Beijing, Dec 24 - Over 20 students in China's Heilongjiang province fell sick after eating noodles in school and had to be rushed to hospital, officials said Friday.
The students of Deqiang Primary and Secondary School in Harbin began suffering from vomiting and diarrhoea at about 4 p. m. Thursday, said Wei Jinghai, a school supervisor.
London, Dec 24 - Physical exercise may be the best way to keep your brain sharp in old age, says a study.
In recent years there has been a sales boom in so-called "brain training" computer games and puzzles. But now researchers suggest keeping physically fit may be more important than mental work-outs, reports express. co. uk.
London, Dec 24 - Alternative remedies can be dangerous for children and could even lead to death.
Parents are sometimes misguided into thinking that they are "more natural", with fewer side effects than conventional drugs, reports express. co. uk.
But experts writing in the journal Archives of Disease in Childhood warned of possible adverse reactions.
Washington, Dec 23 - Our 37 degrees Celsius body temperature is just warm enough to ward off fungal infection and obviate the need for snacking, says a study.
Washington, Dec 22: In a new study, University of South Florida neuroscientists found that nutritional supplementation with Spirulina, a nutrient-rich, blue-green algae, provided neuroprotective support for dying motor neurons in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig''s disease.
They suggest that a spirulina-supplemented diet may provide clinical benefits for ALS patients.
Durban, Dec 22 - Believe it or not, men are allowed to take part in a South Africa harvest festival only if they are circumcised. This is an effort to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS.
The annual "first fruit ceremony" involves a bull that is beaten to death in a sacrificial ritual. This year some 10,000 males participated and all of them were circumcised. The men came from the KwaZulu-Natal region.
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