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Melting of Arctic sea ice providing food for creatures: scientists say

Wed, 04/05/2017 - 09:09

Melting of sea ice in the Arctic region is providing more and more food for a range of creatures in the region, a new research revealed.

In a recent study, researchers found massive blooms of phytoplankton growing under the Arctic Sea. Experts have linked the blooms to increasing global temperatures and melting of ice. However, they also find that the development is ensuring more food for local creatures/

Heidi Louise Sorensen explained that melted ponds create a little ecosystem beneath the surface of water. Algae and other microorganisms provide food for several marine creatures, which live at or near the seabed.

Speaking on the topic, Sorensen added, “Given that larger and larger area of melt ponds is being formed in the Arctic, we can expect the release of more and more food for creatures in the polar sea.”

Sorensen, a Ph.D. student at the University of South Denmark, and other researchers from Aarhus University, made the discovery after studying the growing phenomenon of the melting of sea ice and melt ponds in the region.

Typically, phytoplankton can not grow under the ice as ice blocks sunlight from reaching the water below. But, increasing global temperatures have caused an unprecedented melting of ice in the Arctic Sea, allowing sunlight to enter the water below and massive blooms of phytoplankton to grow.

General: Environment

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