United States

Alcohol abuse is linked to increased risk of schizophrenia in later life

Washington D. C. [USA], Oct. 21 : A new study shows that alcohol, cannabis and other illicit drugs can greatly increase the risk of developing schizophrenia in later life.

Previous research has analysed potential links between substance abuse and schizophrenia. However, due to methodological limitations in the existing literature (including lack of adjustment for co-abuse), uncertainties remain.

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Misuse of certain prescription drugs can be key factor in college sexual assaults

Washington D.C. [USA], Oct. 20 : It has already been seen that alcohol consumption, either by the victim or the perpetrator, is a key factor in more than half of sexual assaults on college campuses.

A study by the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions have now found out that the abuse of prescription drugs by college students also can play a role in negative sexual events such as sexual assault and regretted sex.

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Walking, cycling can reduce your diabetes risk

Fast walking or cycling for recommended 150 minutes a week can reduce a person's risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 26 percent.

According to new research by UCL and the University of Cambridge, people who carry out an hour of moderate to vigorous exercise every day can reduce their risk of getting type 2 diabetes by 40 percent.

The study also revealed that any amount of physical activity can reduce the risk of developing the disease.

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Look out for physical root of depression!

A new research by the University of Warwick, UK, and Fudan University, China has taken the understanding of the physical root of depression a step forward.

The study shows that depression affects the part of the brain which is implicated in non-reward, the lateral orbitofrontal cortex, so that sufferers of the disease feel a sense of loss and disappointment associated with not receiving rewards.

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Possible new therapy for anxiety-related conditions found!

The nerves we feel before a stressful event, like speaking in public, for example, are normally kept in check by a complex system of circuits in our brain.

Scientists at Rockefeller University have identified a key molecule within this circuitry that is responsible for relieving anxiety. Intriguingly, it doesn't appear to reduce anxiety in female mice, only in males.

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Few minutes of exercise can prevent disease, weight gain in women during menopause

According to new research, minimal exercise may be all it takes for postmenopausal women to better regulate insulin, maintain metabolic function and help prevent significant weight gain.

The findings suggest that women can take a proactive approach and may not need to increase their physical activity dramatically to see significant benefits from exercise.

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Foster care children are at greater risk of mental, physical health problems

The children, who are brought up under foster care system, are at a significantly higher risk of mental and physical health problems - ranging from learning disabilities, developmental delays and depression to behavioral issues, asthma and obesity, suggests a recent research.

Co-author of the study, Kristin Turney, said: "No previous research has considered how the mental and physical well-being of children who have spent time in foster care compares to that of children in the general population."

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Tips to keep your kids away from Halloween threats

Washington D. C.[US], Oct. 16 : Meant to be the spookiest time of the year, Halloween is just round the corner and here are some tips for kids to steer clear from hidden health and safety dangers suggested by Stony Brook Children's.

Costume Caution: Picking out costumes kicks off the Halloween spirit, but before hitting the streets, parents should know that their children's costumes are not only silly, spooky or sweet, but most importantly, safe!

Expert from the Ambulatory Primary Care Pediatrics, Jill Creighton suggests:

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Test for coronary artery disease motivates people to adopt healthier habits

Washington D. C.[US], Oct. 15 : Researchers have found that undergoing a computer tomographic angiography was a better motivator to get people with suspected coronary artery disease to adopt healthier lifestyle practices than an exercise electrocardiography and stress test.

A higher percentage of people, who underwent the CTA test adopted healthier practices, including taking preventive medication, eating better and losing weight, while those who underwent the other tests did so at a lower rate.

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Study explains association between marriage attitudes and sexual behaviours

Washington D.C. [USA], Oct. 14 : A recent research conducted at the University of Missouri has found that attitudes and desires about marriage can place young people on trajectories toward or away from healthy sexua behaviours .

The first of its kind study examined links between marriage attitudes and sexual behaviours across racial and ethnic minority groups as well as the role skin tone plays in shaping marriage attitudes.

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