United States

HIV-prevention therapy could additionally benefit gay men

Washington D.C. [USA], Oct. 6 : The anti-HIV drug Truvada has proved to be very effective at preventing new infections when taken by people at high risk, who strictly adhere to the drug therapy regime.

A new study states the cost-effectiveness of this intervention, commonly known as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and counts its additional benefits.

Researchers can now find improved treatment for nicotine addiction

A recent research could pave the way to end tobacco cravings after researchers crystallized a protein that holds answers to how nicotine addiction occurs in the brain.

The breakthrough at the Peter O'Donnell comes after decades of failed attempts to crystallize and determine the 3D structure of a protein that will help scientists to develop new treatments by understanding nicotine's molecular effects.


Ray of hope for HIV cure, courtesy new collaboration

Looks like a ray of hope to cure HIV patients is here.

Researchers at National Institute for Health Research are hopeful of a cure after treating the first patient with a promising new treatment that could kill all traces of the virus.

A partnership sparked by NIHR is behind this collaborative UK effort for the new treatment, which is a first-of-its-kind.

Six years ago this month, a meeting took place between five leading UK research establishments which resulted in a shared commitment to find a cure for HIV.


Contraceptive pills may turn you depressed

Contraceptive pills and the birth control pills are now used very commonly in India and world-wide.

Though there are many benefits to using these forms of birth control, like lighter periods, acne control, less cramping, and of course protection from unwanted pregnancy, a new study has identified a pretty major risk factor for women, which is depression.

We know that hormonal birth control, especially the Pill, carries some risks, but the relationship between depression and hormonal birth control is still not totally understood.


Improve vision with Sesame seeds

People of all age groups tend to develop eyesight issues due to their modern lifestyle.

They spent significant time in front of screens, be it laptops, televisions or smart phones, which result in damaging the retina.

A majority of vision problems arise due to the absence of a well-balanced diet and lack of nutritious food.

Hence, eyes require a number of key nutrients to function properly and sesame seeds are one such item with both nutritive and preventive properties.


Protein in mosquito spit can stop spread of dengue virus: Study

Certain types of protein present in the Aedes aegypti's saliva binds the dengue virus (DENV) and inhibit its transmission to human cells and mice, says a study.

Antibodies against the saliva protein 'D7', which are present in humans when exposed to mosquito bites, might facilitate virus transmission and enhance disease severity.

Working on ways to reduce DENV transmission, lead researcher Michael Conway, explored how best to target the mosquito saliva protein to block transmission of DENV.


Belief about nicotine content in cigs influence smokers craving

How the brain responds to nicotine depends on a smoker's belief about the nicotine content in a cigarette, states a recent research conducted at the University of Texas in Dallas.

The study found that smoking a nicotine cigarette but believing that it lacked nicotine failed to satisfy cravings related to nicotine addiction.

Contrary to the expectations, researchers found that in order to satisfy nicotine cravings, smokers had to not only smoke a cigarette with nicotine but also believe that they were smoking nicotine.


Beware! Using Loofahs can lead to skin infections: Study

A recent research suggests that Loofahs carry bacteria, so much so that using one could defeat the very purpose of the shower and can even lead to infections.

The research has found that the natural scrubbers made from a tropical species of cucumber fibre, make the perfect breeding ground for bacteria.

It also highlighted that loofahs can transmit potentially pathogenic species of bacterial flora to the skin that under the right circumstances may even cause an infection.


Smoking shortens lifespan of patients with terminal illness

A new research suggests that smoking may shorten the lives of those with terminal illness, such as ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis).

ALS damages nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. These cells control many vital muscle functions, including speaking, swallowing and breathing.

Though no cure for this disease has been found, scientists have identified several risk factors, including genes, gender, age and underlying health issues.

For this study, researchers explored the link between tobacco and development of ALS.


Those with common cancer types are more likely to live for a decade: Study

Washington D. C. [USA], Sept. 17 : According to recent estimates drawn by the Office of National Statistics (ONS), people, who develop skin, breast and prostate cancers are most likely to survive 10 years after diagnosis.

Those who develop skin cancer are the most likely to still be alive a decade after their diagnosis, with 89.4 percent of sufferers able to expect this lifespan.