Diabetes

Exposure to secondhand smoke may trigger diabetes and obesity

Exposure to secondhand smoke may trigger diabetes and obesityWashington, June 26 : Adults who are exposed to secondhand smoke have higher rates of obesity and Type 2 diabetes than do nonsmokers without environmental exposure to tobacco smoke.

This is the result of a new study co-authored by Theodore C. Friedman, MD, PhD, chairman of the Department of Internal Medicine at Charles R. Drew University, Los Angeles.

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Type 2 diabetes ups risk of developing blood cancer by 20pc

Type 2 diabetes ups risk of developing blood cancer by 20pc Washington, June 6 : Patients with type 2 diabetes have a 20 percent increased risk of developing blood cancers, such as non-Hodgkin lymphoma, leukemia and myeloma, according to a new meta-analysis.

The findings add to the growing evidence base linking diabetes and certain types of cancer.

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Drinking 4 or more cups of tea can cut diabetes risk by 20pc

 Drinking 4 or more cups of tea can cut diabetes risk by 20pcLondon, June 5 : The best way to slash the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes is to drink at least four cups of tea a day, a study found.

A study of European populations found that people in countries that drank four cups a day - the British average - had a 20 percent lower risk of developing the illness.

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Gut cells transformed into insulin factories ‘could help to treat type I diabetes’

Gut cells transformed into insulin factories ‘could help to treat type I diabetes’London, Mar 12 : A new study conducted by scientists suggests a new approach that could give patients the ability to make their own insulin-producing cells without a stem cell transplant.

Until now, stem cell transplants have been seen by many researchers as the ideal way to replace cells lost in type I diabetes and to free patients from insulin injections.

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How diabetes worsens heart disease revealed

How diabetes worsens heart disease revealedWashington, Mar 2 : The role of a specific protein in the deterioration of heart muscle in patients with diabetes, has been discovered by researchers.

Investigators in the mouse study also have found a way to reverse the damage caused by this protein.

This new study was carried out in the laboratory of Dr Joseph Hill, director of the Harry S Moss Heart Center at UT Southwestern Medical Centre.

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Long term diabetics exposed to triple stroke-risk

Long term diabetics exposed to triple stroke-riskWashington, March 2 - People suffering from diabetes for 10 years or more face triple the risk of stroke, compared to non-diabetics, says a new study.

This is the first study to examine whether the length of time a man or woman has type 2 diabetes impacts the risk of ischemic stroke, which is the commonest type of stroke caused by blocked blood flow to the brain.

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Three cups of tea daily can keep heart problems and diabetes at bay

Three cups of tea daily can keep heart problems and diabetes at bay London, Feb 18 : Drinking three or more cups of black tea a day protects against heart disease and two or more cups a day may protect against type 2 diabetes, say researchers.

A review showed that regular drinking of black tea, with or without milk, can reduce the risk of heart problems by cutting levels of bad cholesterol and blood sugar.

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Diabetes during pregnancy ‘quadruples birth defects risk’

 Diabetes during pregnancy ‘quadruples birth defects risk’ London, Feb 6 : Diabetes during pregnancy increases the risk of birth defects, such as congenital heart disease and spina bifida, by four-fold, researchers say.

National guidelines already recommend having good control over blood sugar levels before trying to conceive.

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Body clock receptor may be behind diabetes

Body clock receptor may be behind diabetesWashington, Jan 30 : People who carry rare genetic mutations in the receptor for body clock hormone –melatonin- are more vulnerable to type 2 diabetes, a new study has suggested.

The findings could help scientists to more accurately assess personal diabetes risk and could lead to the development of personalized treatments.

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Sleep disorders up risk of diabetes and heart disease 6-fold

Sleep disorders up risk of diabetes and heart disease 6-foldLondon, Jan 30 : People who struggle to sleep are six times more likely to develop diabetes and heart disease, according to a new research.

It found that the symptoms of diabetes developed after just three days of disrupted sleep, the Daily Mail reported.

The latest findings could help to explain previous research that has shown night shift workers are prone to type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

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Biomarkers for cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes identified

Biomarkers for cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes identifiedWashington, Jan 30 : Researchers have identified thirty one regions of the genome that were associated with levels of circulating metabolites, i. e., small molecules that take part in various chemical reactions of the human body.

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Wider hips protect against diabetes

Wider hips protect against diabetesSydney, Jan 24 - Wider hips can reduce chances of premature death by protecting against metabolic disorders such as diabetes.

"We knew that higher hip circumference was protective against metabolic diseases such as diabetes as well as death," Adrian Cameron from Deakin University, study co-author.

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Protein that may represent new target for treating diabetes identified

 Protein that may represent new target for treating diabetes identifiedWashington, Jan 5 : A new protein that may possibly play a critical role in how the human body regulates blood sugar levels has been discovered, and researchers say it may represent a new target for treating type 1 diabetes.

Researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center’s Institute for Regenerative Medicine and colleagues have named the protein, Islet Homeostasis Protein (IHoP).

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Sugar free strawberries cultivated in Uttarakhand

Sugar free strawberries cultivated in UttarakhandRamnagar, Dec 29 : Farmers in Ramnagar in Uttarakhand's Nainital District have taken up sugar free strawberry cultivation with an aim to ensure that the patients suffering from diabetes are able to consume it.

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'Diabetes kills one person every eight seconds'

'Diabetes kills one person every eight seconds'Islamabad, Nov 14 - Diabetes kills one person every eight seconds, Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani has said, adding that the cost of treatment amounts to a staggring $465 billion in the neighbourhood.

Gilani said that World Diabetes Day 2011 being observed Nov 14 around the world draws attention to the lethality of disease and underscores the need of preventive measures at individual and collective levels.

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Taking the needle out of diabetes

Taking the needle out of diabetesSydney, Nov 7 : Researchers have found a substitute for insulin to help treat diabetes orally, replacing painful pricks.

Over 10 years, Erik Helmerhorst, professor at Curtin University, and colleagues looked at three million compounds on pharmaceutical databases to try to emulate the molecular map of insulin. They found one, and are developing it to "take the needle out of diabetes".

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New weekly jab replaces need for 2 injections per day for diabetics

New weekly jab replaces need for 2 injections per day for diabetics London, Oct 18 : In what as come as a huge relief for millions of diabetes sufferers, a NHS-approved weekly jab is set to end the need for twice a day injections.

The new treatment is a slow-release version of a previously available drug which mimics one of the body’s hormones.

Now the national drug rationing body has recommended the drug, exenatide, in draft guidance.

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Why some people are more susceptible to diabetes

Why some people are more susceptible to diabetesWashington, Oct 07 : Researchers at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, including one of an Indian-origin, have identified a gene that could explain why some people are more susceptible to diabetes.

The gene, found in tests on obese mice, controls tomosyn-2 and acts as a brake on insulin secretion from the pancreas.

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Men develop diabetes with less weight gain than women

Men develop diabetes with less weight gain than women London, Oct 3 : A new study has revealed that men apparently develop type 2 diabetes with less weight gain than women.

The study, carried out by academics at Glasgow University, found that men developed the disease at a lower Body Mass Index (BMI) as compared to women.

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Insulin switches in pancreas could help treat and prevent diabetes

Insulin switches in pancreas could help treat and prevent diabetesWashington, Sept 27 : Scientists have discovered how a hormone turns on a series of molecular switches inside the pancreas that increases production of insulin - a natural hormone that controls the level of the sugar glucose in the blood.

Type II diabetes is caused by an inability for insulin to stimulate muscles to take up glucose, a kind of sugar, from the bloodstream after eating.

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Diabetes sufferers ‘twice as likely to get dementia later in life’

Diabetes sufferers ‘twice as likely to get dementia later in life’Washington, Sept 20 : A new study conducted in Japan has found that those with diabetes are twice as likely to develop Alzheimer''s and other types of dementia later in life, compared to those having normal blood sugar levels.

Lead researcher Yutaka Kiyohara, MD, PhD, of Kyushu University in Fukuoka, Japan, and his team monitored more than 1,000 men and women over age 60.

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South Asians more vulnerable to diabetes, coronary artery disease

coronary artery diseaseWashington, July 31 : A new study led by an Indian-origin scientist has revealed that South Asians are more likely to add dangerous organ-hugging fat that can lead to diabetes and coronary artery disease.

The team at McMaster University led by Dr. Sonia Anand found that these ethnic groups tend to add dangerous fat onto their internal organs like their liver when they gain weight, while others just add it to their waistline.

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Diabetes and obesity co-existing in pregnancy ‘even more worrisome’

 Diabetes and obesity co-existing in pregnancy ‘even more worrisome’ Washington, July 26 : Pregnant women suffering from both type 2 diabetes and obesity are at high risks of delivery and newborn complications, according to a new research.

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‘Dentists can identify people with undiagnosed diabetes’

 ‘Dentists can identify people with undiagnosed diabetes’ Washington, July 15: Researchers at Columbia University College of Dental Medicine have found that dental visits can help in identifying individuals with diabetes or pre-diabetes who are unaware of their condition.

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Eat dry onion skin to reduce cancer, diabetes risk

 Eat dry onion skin to reduce cancer, diabetes risk Washington, July 15: Next time around while you’re in the kitchen don’t throw away the dry onion skin, as it are ‘rich in compounds that are beneficial for human health’, according to scientists.

According to the researchers, the brown skin and external layers are rich in fibre and flavonoids, while the discarded bulbs contain sulphurous compounds and fructans.

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