Australia

Clot-busting enzymes dump dead cells too

Clot-busting enzymes dump dead cells tooSydney, Oct 5 - Clot-busting enzymes perform double job - removal of blood clots and disposing of cells that die prematurely from disease or trauma, says a study.

Scientists from Monash University have demonstrated for the first time how the enzyme t-PA, plays a vital role in these two functions.

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Tomatoes and grapes may hold key to boosting skin’s defence against sunburn

Tomatoes and grapes may hold key to boosting skin’s defence against sunburnMelbourne, October 2 : In a new study, Australian researchers will determine if extracts from tomatoes and grapes can bolster the skin’s ability to fend off UV damage and improve its ability to repair following UV exposure.

The study is being launched by the Australasian Research Institute, the research arm of the Sydney Adventist Hospital, according to News. com. au.

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Apps helping absent-minded people remember ‘to-do list’!

Apps helping absent-minded people remember ‘to-do list’!Sydney, Oct 1 : People with poor memory having problem in remembering their daily activities can now switch to ‘to-do list’ apps available for smartphones and tablets.

A simple and yet powerful app is Any. DO that is available free for Apple’s iOS and Android.

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Fit schools kids likelier to perform better

Fit schools kids likelier to perform betterMelbourne, September 27 : Schools that have fitter children compared to other institutions achieve better literacy and numeracy results, a new research suggests.

Physiologist Dr Dick Telford, of the Australian National University, and his colleagues followed 800 children between ages 8-12 in 29 schools to see if physical fitness and activity affected academic performance.

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Oz experts planning on spelling out health benefits of breastfeeding

Oz experts planning on spelling out health benefits of breastfeedingMelbourne, September 27 : Mothers may now see stronger official warnings on baby formula labels about the risks of not breastfeeding, it has been revealed.

Australia's food watchdog is seeking feedback on whether "breast is best" messages should be altered to clearly spell out the health benefits of breastfeeding as opposed to bottle feeding.

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Snore away, your heart's not at risk from it

Snore away, your heart's not at risk from itSydney, Sep 27 : Researchers have ruled out snoring as a factor in mortality or cardiovascular disease risks, especially for those who don't suffer from sleep apnea.

Previous work by the same group from the Woolcock Institute of Medical Research had found that apnea (dangerous pauses in breathing during sleep) ups mortality risk, but until now it was not known whether snoring by itself might increase heart risks.

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Bosses worry less than workers

Bosses worry less than workersSydney, September 25 : Bosses experience less anxiety than their underlings, a new study has found.

According to the US study of more than 200 leaders and non-leaders, the more senior the manager, the less tension they feel.

For the study, academics from Harvard and Stanford universities assessed the difference in stress levels between community members and government and military leaders enrolled in a Harvard executive education course.

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Egg cell death discovery offers way to guard fertility from cancer radiation

Egg cell death discovery offers way to guard fertility from cancer radiationMelbourne, September 22 : In a groundbreaking study, researchers have identified egg-producing cells that can survive cancer treatment, potentially preventing infertility and premature menopause for cancer survivors.

The findings by researchers from Melbourne could pave the way for a course of injections or tablets able to protect women's fertility within a decade.

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Psychopaths tend to have poor olfactory sense

Psychopaths tend to have poor olfactory senseSydney, Sep 21 - People with psychopathic tendencies seem to have a poor sense of smell, which points to inefficient processing in the brain's front part, says a study.

Psychopathy covers a severe personality disorder characterized by callousness, manipulation, sensation-seeking and anti-social behaviours, traits which may also be found in otherwise healthy and functional people.

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Party drug damaging to memory?

Party drug damaging to memory?Sydney, Sep 20 - A euphoric high delivered by party drug mephedrone not only makes it extremely addictive but also prompts users to quaff massive doses to maintain the kick, says a study.

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Short exercises more beneficial than longer workouts in losing weight

Short exercises more beneficial than longer workouts in losing weightMelbourne, Sept 20 : More body fat could be lost by completing a shorter workout than a longer one and challenging accepted wisdom on weight loss and training regimes, researchers have claimed.

A study of healthy but sedentary men, aged between 20-40, has found that a test group who exercised for half an hour a day, lost more weight than a group that exercised for 60 minutes a day, News. com. au reported.

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Extreme heat, cold can trigger fatal heart attacks

Extreme heat, cold can trigger fatal heart attacksSydney, Sep 19 - Extremes of temperatures during heat waves or cold spells could trigger premature deaths from heart attacks, according to a new study by Australian researchers.

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Asthmatic kids may suffer severe anxiety

Asthmatic kids may suffer severe anxietySydney, Sep 17 - Young children with severe or persistent asthma are more likely to develop many common mental health problems like anxiety and depression, an Australian study says.

University of Western Australia (UWA) psychologist and study co-author Monique Robinson said their findings build on previous studies which have found that as the severity of asthma increases, so do problems such as anxiety and depression.

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Playing violent games `can increase your pain threshold`

Playing violent games `can increase your pain threshold`Melbourne, September 12 : Those who play violent games have a 65 per cent greater tolerance to pain than those who do not, according to a new study.

In their study, researchers at the Keele University in the UK found gamers who participated in team-based violent video games show more cooperative and less aggressive behaviour than those who play first-person shooter games individually or against opponents.

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Smoking linked to ovarian cancer?

Smoking linked to ovarian cancer?Sydney, Sep 12 : Scientists have for the first time linked smoking with ovarian cancer - the second most commonly diagnosed gynaecological cancer in Australia with a five-year survival rate of only 40 percent.

Andy Lee and Colin Binns, both professors from the Curtin University's School of Public Health, took part as members of the Collaborative Group on Epidemiological Studies of Ovarian Cancer based at Oxford University and funded by UK Cancer research.

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Pregnancy-related cancers up by 70 percent

Pregnancy-related cancers up by 70 percentSydney, Sep 11 - There has been a 70 percent increase in cancers diagnosed during or soon after pregnancy, based on a study of 1.3 million births between 1994 and 2008. There has been no evidence of harm to babies.

The most common cancers detected were skin melanomas, breast cancer, thyroid and other endocrine cancers, gynaecological and lymphohaematopoeitic cancers.

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Having dogs and more siblings cuts risk of egg allergy in kids

Having dogs and more siblings cuts risk of egg allergy in kidsMelbourne, September 11 : Exposure to the family dog and more siblings reduced the risk of babies developing egg allergies, according to a Melbourne study.

Allergy experts from Melbourne's Murdoch Childrens Research Institute studied more than 5000 babies and found those with young siblings and infants exposed to a dog inside the home were less likely to develop an allergic reaction to egg, News. com. au reported

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Low health literacy behind higher mortality rates

Low health literacy behind higher mortality ratesMelbourne, September 8 : 57 per cent of Australians have made a mistake with their medicines, a new survey has revealed.

It also found that one in five had taken an out-of-date or expired medicine; just under half had missed a dose of their medicine and one in four had taken medicine without food, which was meant to be taken with food.

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Creamy milk drinks `loaded with fattening calories`

Creamy milk drinks `loaded with fattening calories`Melbourne, September 8 : Cafe customers who combine decadent, creamy milk drinks with cakes and other treats are stacking on the kilojoules, buying as much as three-quarters of their energy needs for an entire day, a new study has revealed.

Dieticians warn that some customers are wolfing down the equivalent sugar of almost two-and-a-half cans of soft drink in a single large drink.

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Want to stay fit? Just keep a pet pooch

Want to stay fit? Just keep a pet poochMelbourne, September 8 : People who own dogs are significantly more likely to exercise than those without a canine companion, a new research has revealed.

According to a research done in Western Australia University, dog-owners walk an extra 55 minutes a week.

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Doubts cast over `damaging effect` of technology on teen brains

Doubts cast over `damaging effect` of technology on teen brainsMelbourne, September 7 : How the still-developing brains of adolescents, who are spending more time online than ever before, are dealing with the information onslaught is unknown, a US expert has claimed.

Dr Jay Giedd from the US National Institute of Mental Health is investigating the impact of this constant connectivity on young people’s brains using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

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Computers lower dementia risk

Computers lower dementia riskSydney, Sep 5 - Computers do have their plus points, despite all the bad press -- the desk top, for instance, lowers the risk of dementia in the aged by a maximum of 40 percent, suggest latest findings.

"As the world's population ages, the number of people experiencing cognitive decline and dementia will increase to 50 million by 2025," said study co-author Osvaldo Almeida, professor at the University of Western Australia
(UWA).

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`Ignorant` mums to blame for overweight toddlers

`Ignorant` mums to blame for overweight toddlers Melbourne, September 3 : Toddlers may become overweight because their mums, who are often ignorant about their child's weight, encourage them to eat more, a study has found.

A survey of almost 300 mums with children aged 12-16 months found many were unable to correctly identify whether their toddler was underweight, an ideal weight for their height, or overweight.

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Breast bounce causes pain in 50 pc women during exercise and daily life

Breast bounce causes pain in 50 pc women during exercise and daily life Sydney, September 3 : Regardless of bra size, age or health, many women suffer breast pain or discomfort during everyday life and exercise because their breasts are not properly supported, said a University of Wollongong academic.

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Mechanism discovered to help treat inflammation

Mechanism discovered to help treat inflammationSydney, Sep 3 : The discovery of a crucial step in the body's process for healing wounds could open a new way of treating inflammation, which is the immune system's response to an illness or infection.

An international team led by Monash University's Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute (ARMI) discovered the mechanism, which shuts down the signal triggering the body's initial inflammatory response to injury.

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