Added anti-viral boosts response, shortens hepatitis C treatment duration
London, April 30 : A new study, conducted by researchers at the Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI), has found that adding the anti-viral drug telaprevir to a standard treatment for hepatitis C can shorten the duration of therapy and increase the number of patients who can be cured of their disease.
"Standard treatment for the most common type of hepatitis C is 48 weeks of a combination of two drugs, peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin, which cures less than half of patients and has significant side effects that make it very difficult for some patients to continue their treatment," said John McHutchison, M. D., a hepatologist and gastroenterologist and researcher at the DCRI, and lead investigator on this study.
"Our study found that by combining the standard therapy with the direct anti-viral drug telaprevir, we could reduce the duration of treatment by 50 percent, to 24 weeks, and, at the same time, improve the cure rate by 50 percent," he added.
Telaprevir is a protease inhibitor that works by blocking an enzyme that the hepatitis C virus needs in order to replicate itself.
In a randomized, Phase IIb, double-blinded, 37-center study of telaprevir in combination with peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin, the researchers examined the responses of 250 patients on four trial arms.
The researchers measured rates of sustained viral response – or SVR – defined as 24 weeks during which the hepatitis C virus remains undetectable in the body after the completion of therapy.
"We observed that 67 percent of patients who received standard therapy for 48 weeks in conjunction with 12 weeks of telaprevir were cured of their hepatitis C," McHutchison said.
"The rate was 61 percent in the group that took the standard therapy for only 24 weeks in combination with 12 weeks of telaprevir, suggesting that many patients may respond to treatment in only six months as compared to about eleven months, which is significant for this patient population, because the side effects of treatment can be so intense," McHutchison added.
McHutchison said that the group, which received standard therapy for up to 48 weeks had a sustained viral response rate of 41 percent.
He said that the most frequently reported adverse side effect associated with telaprevir was a rash that was manageable in some patients, but caused others to discontinue the treatment.
The findings have been published in the April 30, 2009 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. (ANI)