Washington D.C. [USA], Mar. 17 : A team of German researchers has discovered that absence of a specific protein in regions of the brain may be the major cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
Around two percent of the general population suffer from some kind of OCD, at least once in their life, where a person suffers from persistent intrusive thoughts by repetitive ritualised behaviour.
"We were able to show in mouse models that the absence of the protein SPRED2 alone can trigger an excessive grooming behaviour," said Professor Kai Schuh from the Institute of Physiology at the Julius-Maximilians-Universitat (JMU) Würzburg in Germany.
New Delhi [India], Mar. 15 : Obesity in India has been increasing at an alarming rate over the past three decades.
India is under siege; junk food, alcohol and sedentary lifestyle are leading us to silent self-destruction, making one in every five Indian men and women either obese or overweight.
According to a study published in the noted journal Lancet, India is just behind US and China in this global hazard list of top 10 countries with highest number of obese people.
Washington D.C.[USA], Mar. 5 : Headaches affect hundreds of people every day - but sometimes pain in the head can indicate a more serious condition.
The most common cause of headaches are tension headaches, migraines, cluster headaches and hormone headaches.
They can also be caused by colds and flu, sleep apnoea or temporomandibular disorders, which affect the muscles and joints between the lower jaw and the skull.
Dr Clare Morrison, GP at www.MedExpress.co.uk, has set out when people should be concerned about their headache and seek medical attention.
"Headaches can vary in severity from harmless and fleeting to meaning something far more sinister.
New Delhi [India], Mar. 3 : Doctors at Fortis Hospital Shalimar Bagh, recently managed a highly unusual and complex case where a patient, suspected of having a cancerous tumour, was instead found with 838 stones in her gallbladder.
After a correct diagnosis was reached, the surgery was successfully conducted ensuring patient recovery.
Pushpa had been experiencing acute stomach pain along with intermittent episodes of fever. She was nauseated, feverish and in extreme pain when she presented herself at the hospital recently.
Washington D. C. [USA], Jan. 26 : Mediterranean diet loaded with fresh fruits and vegetables, lean proteins and healthy fats for six months may benefit people with HIV and Type 2 diabetes.
According to researchers, through healthy food and snacks HIV-positive people were more likely to adhere to their medication regimens, and people with type 2 diabetes, were less depressed and less likely to make trade-offs between food and healthcare.
The study, which appeared online in the Journal of Urban Health, was designed to evaluate whether helping people get medically appropriate, comprehensive nutrition would improve their health.
Washington D. C. [USA], Jan. 26 : Dear parents, boost your daughter's iron intake with green leafy vegetables, nuts, beans and pulses as a new study reveals that physically fit female students with normal iron levels may perform better academically.
Researchers from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and Pennsylvania State University have found that a student's fitness level and iron status could be the difference between making an A or a B.
The findings, published in the journal of Nutrition, suggest that the difference in grade point average was as much as 0.34 -- enough to drop or increase a letter grade.
Washington D.C. [USA], Dec. 6 : Does food at social gatherings tempt you? A team of researchers has found that men in particular demonstrate their virility and strength on parties or at holiday meals at risk of overeating.
The study has been published in the journal Frontiers in Nutrition.
"Even if men aren't thinking about it, eating more than a friend tends to be understood as a demonstration of virility and strength," said co-author of the study Kevin Kniffin from Cornell Food and Brand Lab.
The researchers recruited college going students of similar weight to participate in either a competitive chicken wing eating challenge with cheering spectators or a competitive chicken wing eating challenge with no spectators.
Washington D.C. [USA], Dec. 6 : Do you encourage your children in reading and writing? A study reveals that four-year-old kids with average and low vocabulary skills learn more effectively with an adult reading an e-book to them than relying solely on the e-book's voiceover.
The study has been published in the journal Early Education and Development.
Researchers from University of Toronto divided the four-year-old kids into two groups -- one group with children of higher than average vocabulary level and one group with average and lower English vocabulary.
For the study, either four-year-old children interacted with a digital book on their own using the book's voiceover or an adult read them the same book.
Washington D.C. [USA], Dec. 6 : Moderate Intensity Continuous Training (MICT) for three and five times a week is linked to improved sperm count and other measures of sperm quality in just a six months, reveals a study.
The study was published in the journal Reproduction.
Researchers from Urmia University in Iran found that men exercising moderately and continuously improved their sperm quality more than those following popular intensive exercise programs like High intensity interval training (HIIT).
The current advice for men, who are seeking to improve their chances of conceiving include combining healthy eating with regular exercise while giving up smoking and reducing the intake of alcohol.
Washington D.C. [USA], Dec. 4 : To help people get rid of large kidney stones, US Researchers have promoted a non-surgical way by suggesting off-label use of drugs called alpha blockers that can facilitate stone passage.
The study was published online in the British Medical Journal.
Physicians are eager to find non-surgical ways to help the two-thirds of kidney stone patients who need more than just extra hydration to pass their stones.
Contemporary practice guidelines recommend off-label use of drugs called alpha blockers to facilitate stone passage. These include drugs such as such as tamsulosin, known as Flomax.
However, a recent multicenter study of 1,136 subjects in the U.K. questioned the effectiveness of alpha blockers for this purpose.
WashingtonD.C [US], Dec. 3 : In a path breaking discovery, scientists from Massachusetts Institute of Technology have developed a new probe that allows them to image brain molecules without using any chemical or radioactive labels.
Currently, the gold standard approach to imaging molecules in the brain is to tag them with radioactive probes.
However, these probes offer low resolution and they can't easily be used to watch dynamic events, said researcher Alan Jasanoff.
Washington D.C [US], Dec. 3 : A recent study suggests that two recently discovered genetic differences between brain cancer cells and normal tissue cells could offer clues to tumor behavior and potential new targets for therapy.
Published in Acta Neuropathologica, the study identified alterations in a protein known as ATRX in human brain tumors that arise as part of a genetically inherited condition known as neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1).
The disorder, marked initially by benign tumors on nerves, often leads to brain cancer, and although most NF1-related malignancies are nonaggressive, a fraction are "high-grade" and difficult to treat, experts say.
Washington D.C. [USA], Dec. 3 : Older adults, especially women, with cataract are more likely to have symptoms of depression, says a new study.
The study was published in the Optometry and Vision Science journal.
According to researchers from Soochow University in China, the link between cataract and depression is independent of other factors and appears strongest among older adults with lower education.
"Our study sheds further light on the complex relationship between aging, vision loss, cataract and depression and suggests that there may be a role for cataract surgery in improving mental health in the elderly," the researchers wrote.
Washington D.C [US], Dec. 3 : A recent diet intervention study (FATFUNC) raises questions regarding the validity of a diet hypothesis that has dominated for more than half a century: that dietary fat and particularly saturated fat is unhealthy for most people.
The study, published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, found strikingly similar health effects of diets based on either lowly processed carbohydrates or fats.
In the randomized controlled trial, 38 men with abdominal obesity followed a dietary pattern high in either carbohydrates or fat, of which about half was saturated.
Fat mass in the abdominal region, liver and heart was measured with accurate analyses, along with a number of key risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
WashingtonD.C [US], Dec. 3 : In a recent dose-response analysis, scientists have found that pregnant women who take a specific type of antidepressant in early pregnancy have a small but significantly greater risk of having babies with major congenital anomalies (sometimes referred to as birth defects) or stillbirths compared with those who did not take these antidepressants.
Washington D.C [US], Dec. 3 : A recent research demonstrates that a novel imaging agent can quickly and accurately detect metastasis of prostate cancer, even in areas where detection has previously been difficult.
Published in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine, the Phase 1 dose-escalation study of Zr-89-desferrioxamine-IAB2M (Zr-89-Df-IAB2M), an anti-PSMA (prostate-specific membrane antigen) minibody, in patients with metastatic prostate cancer shows its effectiveness in targeting both bone and soft tissue lesions.
"This agent is imaged faster than other PSMA-targeting imaging antibodies due to its small size and has been shown to be safe for patients," explained lead researcher Neeta Pandit-Taskar.
Washington D.C. [USA], Dec. 3 : In first of its kind study, researchers have developed a new treatment that can prevent chemotherapy-induced hearing loss to about half in kids and adolescents with cancer.
The results of the study have been published in Lancet Oncology.
The study found that the greatest benefit was seen in children younger than 5 years of age, who are most susceptible to, and also most affected by, cisplatin-induced hearing loss.
Investigators from Children's Hospital Los Angeles and 37 other Children's Oncology Group hospitals in the U.S. and Canada have determined that sodium thiosulfate prevents cisplatin-induced hearing loss in children and adolescents with cancer.
Research highlights association between psychological well-being and physical activity in older adultsSubmitted by Deepan Chawla on Sat, 12/03/2016 - 15:32
WashingtonD.C [US], Dec. 3 : A recent research published in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine, showed associations between psychological well-being and physical activity in adults aged 50 and older.
"Researchers have long studied how physical activity can lead to improved mood and feelings of well-being," said Julia Boehm.
Adding, "however, less well understood is whether being happy and optimistic might actually encourage a person to be physically active."
Physical activity is a key health behavior linked to better physical and mental functioning, as well as reduced risk of the leading causes of death including cancer and heart disease.
Further, psychological well-being is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, cognitive decline, and mortality.
New Delhi [India], Dec. 3 : On the World Disability Day, Narayan Seva Sansthan- a charitable organization that runs one of the largest charitable hospitals in the country for Specially-abled people, in particular polio and by birth disabled, is organising an Free of cost Artificial Limb Donation Camp.
The press conference was held on December 1, at Press Club of India in the national capital, to generate awareness about the camp and the aids that are being provided.
The camp is to be held on December 3, in which 101 aid including 51 artificial limbs and tri-cycles, wheel chairs & crutches and much more will be distributed.
New Delhi [India], Dec. 3 : Study says that more than 14 million babies in India risk their health as baby food companies flout laws and continue promoting their products in the market.
According to breastfeeding protection watchdog, Breastfeeding Promotion Network of India (BPNI), baby food industry has allegedly violated the IMS Act at least 54 times if not more between 2008 and 2016 before being brought it to the attention of the government regulatory authorities.
Hence, a mobile app to protect breastfeeding, was jointly launched by Jual Oram, Union Minister of Tribal Affairs, A.V. Swamy, Member of Parliament, and Arun Kumar Panda, Additional Secretary, Health and Family Welfare and Mission Director, NHM, Government of India.