Scientists shed light on Gigantic Marine Lizards

Scientists shed light on Gigantic Marine Lizards

Researchers have provided insight into the gigantic marine lizards known as Mosasaurs. The researchers at the University of Toronto and Yale University have also deciphered their breeding and birth. Published in the journal Palaeontology on April 10, the study has answered some long-held questions about the deadly creatures that were used to reside in waters of earth before going extinct 65 million years ago.

For the study, the researchers examined recently identified specimens of the ancient marine lizards at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History.

'Tigers' to release in India in January next year

Tigers' to release in India in January next yearToronto: Bollywood actor Emraan Hashmi-starrer 'Tigers', which premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) recently, will hit theatres in India in January 2015.

The film, directed by the Oscar-winning Bosnian filmmaker Danis Tanovic, is based on the true story of a salesman, Syed Aamir Raza, with a multinational pharmaceutical firm in Pakistan.

'Tigers', which seeks to relay a broader message about the benefits of breastfeeding, delivers a harsh judgement on the practises of MNCs in developing countries like Pakistan.

Tanovic said that the film is likely to be released in India in January next year.

Adults with autism at higher risk of sexual victimisation

Adults autismToronto: Adults with autism are at a higher risk of sexual victimisation due to lack of sex education, a new study has warned.

Researchers at Canada's York University used an online survey involving 95 adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and 117 without, ranging in age from 19 to 43.

Of the 95 participants with ASD, 78 per cent reported at least one occurrence of sexual victimisation compared to 47.4 per cent of the 117 adults without ASD who participated in the study.

Exercise, relaxation can reduce social anxiety

ExerciseToronto: Exercise and relaxation activities like yoga can positively impact people with social anxiety disorders, scientists say.

Adam Heenan, a PhD candidate in the Clinical Psychology at Queen's University, Canada, has found that exercise and relaxation activities literally change the way people perceive the world, altering their perception so that they view the environment in a less threatening, less negative way.

For people with mood and anxiety disorders, this is an important breakthrough.

Heenan used point-light displays, a depiction of a human that is comprised of a series of dots representing the major joints.

Atlantic salmon can adapt to warmer waters

Atlantic salmon can adapt to warmer watersToronto - Populations of Atlantic salmon have a surprisingly good capacity to adjust to warmer temperatures that are being seen with climate change, scientists have found.

Scientists at the University of Oslo and University of British Columbia addressed questions around how climate change might affect salmon species distribution and abundance.

Scientists studied wild salmon from two European rivers.

Fish can remember up to 12 days later!

Fish can remember up to 12 days later!Toronto - Contrary to the popular belief that fish have a memory span of only 30 seconds, scientists have found that a popular aquarium species can remember the location of tasty treats up to 12 days later.

Researchers at MacEwan University in Canada studied African Cichlids (Labidochromis caeruleus).

These fish demonstrate many complex behaviours, including aggression, causing the scientists to predict that they could be capable of advanced memory tasks.

Workplace ostracism more damaging than bullying

Workplace-OstracismToronto, May 30 : If your colleagues give you the cold shoulder at work, this can not only make your urge to quit the job stronger but also do more harm to your health than bullying.

Being ignored at work is worse for physical and mental well-being than harassment or bullying, a new study noted.

"Ostracism actually leads people to feel more helpless, like they are not worthy of any attention at all," said professor Sandra Robinson from University of British Columbia in Canada.

First continent on earth formed like Iceland

Torcontinent-on-earthonto, May 30 : The timing and mode of continental crust formation is a controversial topic but geochemical analysis of a newly discovered rock unit from Canada has shown that the first continent on earth may have formed in a way modern-day Iceland came into existence.

The rocks about four-billion-year-old showed crust-forming processes that are very similar to those occurring in present-day Iceland.

Insulin signals identified to better fight diabetes

InsulinToronto, May 26 : Inhibition of a novel enzyme could enhance a signal that promotes insulin secretion and reduces blood sugar levels, a study showed - raising hope of developing better therapeutics against diabetes.

Insulin is an important hormone in our body that controls glucose and fat utilisation.

The secretion in the blood of insulin is dependent upon the utilisation of glucose and fat by the beta-cells and the production of a novel signal that they discovered named "monoacylglycerol".

Teen depression may kill love life even in middle-age

Teen depression may kill love life even in middle-ageToronto, May 8 : Negative emotions suffered when one was young can have a lasting grip on love relationships well into middle-age, new research says.

“The fact that depression and anger experienced during the teenage years clung on to people, even through major life events such as child-rearing, marriages and careers, was surprising,” said Matthew Johnson, a researcher at University of Alberta in Canada.

The researchers took on to crack the code to happiness by exploring the long reach of depression and anger over more than two decades.

Dental care a must for your one-year-old baby

Baby-Dental-CareToronto, May 6 : Babies, who are most susceptible to cavities in the early years of their lives, are least likely to get dental care even though they need it the most, a study has found.

Prolonged bottle use, especially at night, and sweetened drinks are suspected risk factors for cavities because the carbohydrates in the beverages promote the growth of the bacteria that causes cavities, said Jonathon Maguire, a paediatrician at St Michael's Hospital in Canada.

Of the 2,505 children around four years of age who were surveyed from 2011-13 for the study, 39 percent had never been to a dentist, the findings showed.

Disease outbreak no booster for kids vaccination: Study

kids-vaccinationToronto, May 5 : Even in the face of outbreak of a disease, parents are often found lacking in getting their kids vaccinated, indicated a study.

"We have always assumed that when the risk of catching a disease is high, people will accept a vaccine that is effective in preventing that disease. Our results may challenge this assumption," said Elizabeth Wolf of University of Washington in the US.

For the study, researchers compared rates of infant vaccination with the diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine (DTaP) before and during an epidemic of pertussis (whooping cough) in Washington state.

Pain may curb sex drive in women: Study

Pain may curb sex drive in women: StudyToronto, April 23 - Do not blame her for no action tonight as women in pain often say no to sex as pain from inflammation or some other reason greatly reduces sexual motivation in female than male, research reveals.

In a first such study, researchers from McGill University and Concordia University in Montreal have investigated the direct impact of pain on sexual behaviour in mice.

Toronto to spend $215m on roads to prepare for Pan Am Games

Toronto to spend $215m on roads to prepare for Pan Am GamesThe city authorities in Toronto have announced a plan to invest about $215 million to repair streets across the city in order to prepare for the 2015 Pan Am Games.

You can't disobey even a robot boss!

humanoid-robotToronto, March 18 : Would you listen to your boss if he/she is a robot? According to researchers, you would probably obey them nearly as predictably as you would a human.

Researchers from the human-computer interaction lab at University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, Canada, ran an experiment using both a human and a humanoid robot named 'Jim'.

The results showed that the robot had an authoritative social presence.

Smokers' brains don't read negative aspects of smoking

SmokersToronto, March 11 : How much helpful are the repulsive images on cigarettes' packets in discouraging smokers from lighting up? Not much perhaps, claims research.

The use of a product influences our perception of it, making us even more susceptible to its positive aspects and altering our understanding of its drawbacks, according to a recent study by the Institut universitaire en sante mentale de Montreal and Universite de Montreal in Canada.

This is precisely what happens with cigarettes in chronic smokers.

Sleep machines harming your kid's hearing?

baby-sleeping-machinesToronto, March 4 : Do you use a sound machine for your baby's good night's sleep? Beware! The noise machines designed to help a baby sleep could cause hearing loss after prolonged exposure, a new study claims.

If a white noise machine, also known as sleep machine, is kept at full volume in a room with a sleeping baby, it may be potentially hazardous to the child's hearing.

These machines produce sounds to soothe infants to sleep and help cover other noises.

It's world's thinnest, but pleasurable

Aoni-condomToronto, March 2 : It is so thin you would not even feel it is there as you get set to make the experience more pleasurable for both.

A Chinese company has created the world's thinnest latex condom.

The so-called Aoni condom measures just 0.036 millimetres in thickness, beating the previous record-holder Okamoto of Japan.

The ultra-thin condom has been manufactured by Guangzhou Daming United Rubber Products, a China-based company that produces roughly 200 million condoms annually.

Currently, Aoni is available only in Asia.

Women continue to outlive men

older-peopleToronto, Jan 9 : Older people are living longer and women make up a significant proportion of centenarians, research shows.

The number of centenarians in Ontario have increased by over 70 percent in last 15 years, with women making up more than 85 percent of people 100 or older, according to the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) and Women's College Hospital in Toronto.

"The predominance of women among those of advanced age challenges us to consider tailoring health and social care to meet their particular needs," said Paula Rochon, scientist at Women's College Research Institute and ICES.

SOS 54 years ago warned about vanishing glaciers

glaciers-meltingToronto, Dec 25 : At a time when glaciers are melting at an alarming pace, an SOS buried in a bottle 54 years back in the Canadian Arctic, and unearthed now, sent a distress signal about the world's rapidly disappearing glaciers.

An American geologist Paul Walker, concerned about the melting of ice, buried a message in a bottle during his exploration of Ward Hunt Island in Nunavut, Canada, in 1959.

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